Diana Riano, researcher at the University of Santo Tomás of Bogota (Colombia), presented the findings of her research on burnout at school in the research seminars of AITANA. The results of the multicultural adaptation of School Burnout Inventory (School Burnout Inventory, SCI) with Spanish minors from Spain and Colombia were analyzed. The instrument consists of three dimensions that evaluate burnout (Exhaustion, Cynicism and Inefficacy). Significant and positive correlations were found between this construct and the levels of depression and anxiety. The results confirmed that the concept of burnout is not unique to the adult population, but the presence of feelings of failure and exhaustion generated by the academic demands is possible in adolescent population. The Professor Riaño is doing a research placement with the research team Analysis, Intervention and Applied Therapy with Children and Adolescents (AITANA, for its acronym in Spanish) in which is conducting several collaborative projects between the two institutions.
The Vienna Convention Center recently held the World Congress of Psychiatry, where members of the research team AITANA presented outcomes of their projects. The results presented were part of studies to analyze predictors of substance use in adolescents. In the meeting participated1200 experts from around the world. The book of abstracts, final report and other relevant documents are available on the website www.wpaic2013.org
The research group AITANA edit a new journal of clinical child psychology. The Journal of Clinical Psychology with Children and Adolescents aims to disseminate results of research on psychopathology, psychological assessment and treatment in child and adolescents. Publishes articles on basic and applied research, including only cases, and descriptive studies contributing to the scientific knowledge of the characteristics and risk factors of psychological disorders in children and adolescents. The first issue was presented last November at the Conference Center of Elche. The publication will have two open access issues, accessible through the web www.revistapcna.com.
The Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI; Short Health Anxiety Inventory) is one of the most international instruments for assessing symptoms of health anxiety among adolescents. The SHAI has been adapted and validated in English-speaking countries like Britain, USA and Canada. Aitana group researchers have analyzed the factor structure and the psychometric properties of SHAI in a sample of 832 Spanish adolescents between 14 and 18 years. The Spanish validation of the SHAI has been published in the latest issue of the Journal of Health Psychology. Available full manuscript at http://hpq.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/09/19/1359105313500095.abstract
Washington D.C. hosted the 7th National Meeting of the Centers for AIDS research (CFAR) and the Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Network (SBSRN) in October 22-24. This meeting brings together researchers to share the latest advances in HIV research. The 2013 edition addressed the issue: " Social, Behavioral, and Policy Perspectives on HIV/AIDS: The District of Columbia and Beyond”. AITANA researcher Alexandra Morales presented the results of a study that analyzes the evolution of sexual behavior through of two cohorts of 2,758 Spanish adolescents.
The Twentieth Meeting of the Spanish Society for the Study of Anxiety and Stress took place in Madrid, preceded by the Fourth Conference "Emotions and Welfare". Aitana Group researchers have presented the results of the assessment of mood disorders in children and adolescents through the program Detecta-Web. They also provided mental health indicators and preliminary data from the Short OCD Screener (SOCS) and the Revised Children's Anxiety and Depression Scale-30 in Spanish children and adolescents.
Under the slogan "Together we can" / "Unity is streng" held this year in Barcelona from September 29 to October 2 the Sixteenth National Congress on AIDS Spanish Society Interdisciplinary AIDS (SEISIDA) matched to the XI edition of International Congress on AIDS Impact. Both organizations have decided to join forces and bring together professionals from different countries and disciplines in the field of HIV, to facilitate the exchange of experiences and finding solutions to problems related to the infection.
Although 30 years have passed since the discovery of HIV as the causative agent of the infection, there is still much to do. Preventing new infections, early diagnosis, access to treatment, human rights, discrimination and quality of life of people living with HIV, are issues that require a global response.
Aitana research group presented several papers which collects the evaluation of a school prevention program and validation of a new risk assessment instrument with adolescents HIV.
The MUY INTERESANTE magazine publishes a review of a recent study conducted by Aitana. This study compared sexual behaviors and risk and protective factors among adolescents who have sex under the influence of alcohol and those who do not combine sex and alcohol. The results of this study, published in Adicciones journal, confirm that young people who have sex under the influence of alcohol show less favorable attitude toward condom use when there are obstacles to use it and report using condoms less consistently.
Recently it has been presented at Miguel Hernández University the doctoral dissertartion entitled “Relationship between parental divorce and sexual behavior in Spanish adolescents: analysis and intervention proposal”. This is the first research conducted on this subject in Spain and has been presented by Elena Carratalá, Aitana Group researcher at UMH, under the direction of doctors Mireia Orgilés and José Pedro Espada.
Adolescents who experience parental divorce are exposed to a stressful situation that has been linked to a greater number of risk behaviors. The Thesis aimed to compare the sexual behavior of adolescents with divorced parents and to compare with their peers in intact families. It sought to know the differences in the age of sexual debut, number of sexual partners and other aspects of sexual behavior.
It has been observed that in our country the family structure does not appear to be related to adolescents risk behavior, and children from divorced families generally have very similar sexual experiences to children with married parents. Furthermore, the data reflect how children of divorced parents show more favorable attitudes toward safer sex than those who come from intact families.
This study also found that children who were under age when his parents divorced and living with a stepfather or a stepmother had more chance of having a greater number of sexual partners, although this does not necessarily imply risk as their showed a greater willingness to use condoms.
This study includes the proposal and evaluation of a sex education program for adolescents with divorced parents, finding that the generic strategies of prevention are also valid for this particular population.
Dr. Steve Sussman, of the University of Southern California, is conducting a research stay at the University Miguel Hernandez in order to work as a consultant Aitana Research Group. Professor Steve Sussman is a renowned researcher in the area of public health, with more than three hundred publications on the subject, and conducts research in the prediction, prevention and treatment of the consumption of snuff and other drugs.
Researchers of Aitana group spent several years working with Professor Sussman as author of Ex Project, an U.S. program that has been adapted for adolescents and wich aim is the cessation of snuff at a young age.
During his visit to the University Miguel Hernández, Dr. Sussman taught several training seminars on research methodology and program evaluation and advise in the project EX assessment.
AITANA group, as part of its shares of scientific research and scientific dissemination, is organizing the III National Symposium of Clinical and Health Psychology with Children and Adolescents, which will take place on 13, 14 and 15 November at the Centro de Congresos of Elche (Spain). The purpose of this citation is to have a meeting point between scientific and professional psychologists and researchers dedicated to the prevention, treatment or promotion of child and adolescent mental health. The aims is to contribute to the transfer of research to applied world, so that researchers can meet the demands of applied psychology. This third edition has greater variety of activities, has expanded participation formats, with more invited symposiums, meetings with experts and Special Interest Groups (SIG's) in order to promote collaborative networking. All information about the event is on the Symposium website: http://
In the last issue of Anales de Psicología has been published the HIV Attitudes Scale for adolescents (HIV-AS), a new instrument of evaluation carried out by Aitana researchers. The instrument is designed to measure reliably the intention of condom use and attitudes toward safer sex. The validation of the instrument involved a sample of more than 1216 Spanish youngsters from different parts of the country. The instrument is simple and quick to administer, and has good psychometric properties. This is a useful assessment tool for educators, program evaluators and for the study of risk factors. Available full work on http://revistas.um.es/analesps/article/view/analesps.29.1.132301/142861
A recent study conducted by researcher of AITANA compares sexual behavior and risk and protective factors between two samples of adolescents who have sex under the influence of alcohol and those who do not. The study involved 1216 Spanish adolescents aged 14-18, of which 297 were selected for being sexually active. Almost 40% of the subset had sex under the influence of alcohol in the past six months, which is associated with negative attitudes towards condom use, when there are obstacles on using them, and less consistent condom use. Therefore, sex and alcohol combination shows further characteristics associated with sexual risk. The results of this study were published in the last issue of Adicciones.
AITANA researchers conducted a study that shows the relatioship between individual variables, such as knowledges and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS and sexual risk behaviors, self-concept, social anxiety and sexual sensation seeking, and having sex under the influence of alcohol in adolescents with divorced parents. The study involved 132 adolescents aged between 14 and 17 years of age from different Spanish countries. The results show that not having sex under the influence is associated with a more positive predisposition to practice self sex. These and other results are published in the last issue of the Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse.
In the last issue of the prestigious journal AIDS Education & Prevention has been published a study conducted by researchers of AITANA, consisting of a randomized trial for the evaluation of a prevention intervention, Skills for Adolescents with a Healthy Sexuality (COMPAS, its Spanish acronym). In Spain, there is a lack of controlled studies to assess the effectiveness of prevention interventions to reduce sexual risk in young people. This study assesses its effectiveness against a control group in the context of a national multicenter project. Participated 820 adolescents aged between 14 and 18 years from several areas of Spain. The students who received the intervention showed HIV attitudinal and informational improvements, and maintained a high intention to use condoms during sex. The impact of the intervention was higher in adolescents who had not debuted sexually, so it is recommended to implement this type of preventive interventions during early adolescence. Full article: